VAT in Poland

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VAT is a tax levied on most of business-to-business (B2B) and business-to-consumer (B2C) transactions in all the European Union’s member states and in an increasing number of other non-EU nations. In order for cross border commerce to function, it is vital that businesses maintain compliant VAT registration profiles and that VAT obligations are met accurately and timely.

Everything you need to know about VAT registration, returns, Tax Representation (if applicable), and your legal duties in Poland is included in our comprehensive guide.

VAT guide Poland

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Introduction to VAT in Poland

In 1993, the Value Added Tax (VAT) system was adopted to replace the old sales tax in Poland. Multiple amendments to the VAT regulations have been made to bring Polish solutions of turnover taxes in line with the present European common system of VAT. Currently, the VAT Statute of 11 March 2004 is regarded as the fundamental legal act governing VAT rules in Poland.


VAT regulations in Poland are based on EU legislation. This means that the fundamental principles of VAT taxation in Poland are the same as those in other EU member states.


Scope of Taxation


VAT is charged on the following types of transactions: 


  • Supplies of goods and services within the territory of Poland. 
  • Exports of goods outside the territory of the EU. 
  • Imports of goods from countries that do not belong to the European Union. 
  • Intra-Community acquisitions of goods (imports from countries belonging to the EU). 
  • Intra-Community supplies of goods (exports to the countries belonging to the EU). 

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Poland –  General VAT information


National Legislation  Ministry of Finance  
VAT in local languages   PTU, VAT (Podatek od Towarow i Uslug)  
VAT number format   1234567890 
VAT rates  Standard 23%; Reduced 8%; and 5% 
Zero-rated (0%) and exempt 
Frequency  Monthly or quarterly 
Established  PLN 200.000 (ca. EUR 47.000) 
Non-established  None 
Intra-Community acquisitions  PLN 50.000 (ca. EUR 11.900) 
Intra-EU Distance sales and electronically supplied services to consumers (OSS)  PLN 42.000 (EUR 10.000) 
Recovery of VAT by non-established businesses  Yes 
Compliance Returns and Supplementary Reports 
VAT Return VAT-7 (eligible for periods up to September 30, 2020)  25th of the following month 
European Sales and Purchase Listing (VAT-EU)  25th of the following month 
SAF-T (Standard Audit File for Tax) (Standard Audit for Tax)- JPK_VAT  25th of the following month 
Intrastat  10th of the following month 

Import VAT in Poland


The importation of goods is subject to value-added tax (VAT). It is imposed on goods that are duty-free or for which duty has been partially or completely suspended, as well as on goods that have a preferential, reduced, or zero duty rate in effect.


Normally, businesses must pay VAT at the time of importation, and they can only deduct this VAT once the VAT return has been filed. Poland began deferring import Value Added Tax on 1 July 2020. This enables VAT-registered businesses in Poland to avoid paying VAT at the time goods enter the country, but is reversed in the subsequent VAT return (with nil cash flow impact).


In Poland, import VAT must be paid within 10 days of notification by the customs authorities of the tax liability. Thus, postponed import VAT accounting is the main simplification to improve cash flow.


Last updated: 20/01/2022




The information provided by Global VAT Compliance B.V. on this webpage is intended for general informational purposes only. Global VAT Compliance B.V. is not responsible for the accuracy of the information on these pages, and cannot be held liable for claims or losses deriving from the use of this information. If you wish to receive VAT related information please contact our experts at support@gvc.tax

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