The Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) of Nigeria recently published Information Circular No.: 2021/19 on Guidelines on Simplified Compliance Regime for Value Added Tax (VAT) for Non-Resident Suppliers (NRSs). The issued guidance, dated 11th October 2021, relates to goods and services provided by persons (i.e., natural persons, trusts, partnerships, corporations, companies, and any other persons) not physically present, located or represented in Nigeria to businesses (B2B) or consumers (B2C) in Nigeria through electronic or digital means.
Date of effectivity with respect to,
Compliance by Non-Residents Suppliers (NRS)
The Circular, with the provisions of the VAT Act (as amended), defines NRSs as “suppliers located outside the territory of Nigeria, who supply taxable goods, services, digital products or intangibles to Nigerian customers through digital or electronic platforms or means or intermediaries where such intermediaries are not the actual owners or suppliers of the goods or services but facilitate the supply, issuance of invoices and payment”.
An NRS who makes taxable supplies to Nigeria is required to:
The registration threshold is USD 25,000 (or its equivalent in other currencies).
a) The supplies are made, through digital means, to a person in Nigeria from a location outside Nigeria, or
b) The supplies are delivered to, consumed, or otherwise utilised in Nigeria.
The VAT returns may be filed via the dedicated link to be provided by the FIRS on its portal or by forwarding the duly completed VAT form 002 to a designated FIRS email within the stipulated timeline. This also includes submission of Nil return for months where no taxable supply is made to Nigeria.
The three major foreign currencies in which taxes should be paid are USD, GBP, and Euro.
Exempt services based on the Circular:
a) Professional and consultancy services that are not automated but are delivered via the internet (e.g., via email);
b) Broadcasting services;
c) Telecommunications services; and
d) Services that are exempt from tax under the First Schedule to the Act.