VAT in France

We offer a comprehensive up to date guide

In 1954, France introduced the Value Added Tax, commonly referred to as Taxe sur la Valeur Ajoutée (TVA). By 1968, this tax system was extended to cover the whole economy, marking the generalization of VAT. France led the way in introducing VAT along with Germany and several other EU nations adopting it soon after.

The rules and guidelines related to VAT compliance in France, including registrations, returns, Intrastat, DEB, ESLs, and other elements, are dictated by EU VAT Directives.

Learn more about VAT in France in our comprehensive guide.

Selling in France?

We offer an end-to-end VAT Compliance package

VAT in France

The foundation of EU VAT legislation lies in its directives and regulations, with the primary directive being EU VAT Directive 2006/112/EC. These European provisions are integrated into the French Tax Code (Code Général des Impôts). VAT laws in France are overseen by the Direction de la Legislation Fiscale, in conjunction with regional tax authorities.

Scope of Taxation

Transactions subject to French VAT typically encompass:

  • The provision of goods or services by an individual or entity that is taxable.
  • carried out in exchange for payment.
  • Acquisitions within the EU community.
  • Goods brought into the country (imports).


Taxable Supplies

There are five major elements of the definition of a taxable supply in France:

  • A delivery of goods or a provision of services:
  • Resulting of economic activity.
  • For valuable consideration.
  • Made by persons within the VAT framework.
  • That is not a tax-exempt transaction.

Interested in French VAT news?

Subscribe to our Newsletter

 France –  General VAT information

Tax Authority Direction générale des Finances publiques
VAT in local languages Taxe sur la valeur ajoutée or TVA
Currency € Euro
VAT number format 13 letters [FR + 11 digits]
VAT rates Standard 20%; Reduced 10%, 5.5% and 2.1%
Zero-rated (0%) and exempt
Established None
Non-established None
Intra-Community acquisitions EUR 460,000
Intra-EU Distance sales and electronically supplied services to consumers (OSS) EUR 10,000
VAT Group Allowed. Fully operational starting 1 January 2023. Only business based in France are eligible to join VAT Group.
Voluntary Registration N/A, No VAT Registration Threshold
Recovery of VAT by non-established businesses Yes
Compliance Returns and Deadlines
Frequency Monthly, quarterly, and annual returns


VAT Return M 19th & 24th of the following month.


VAT Return Q 19th of the month following the quarter at the latest
Intrastat M 11th of the following month
Annual Return During the 2nd working day following 1 May
Electronic Invoicing All companies are obligated to use e-invoicing starting July 1, 2024.Gradual Implementation: Large Companies- July 1 2024, Mid-sized Companies- January 1 2025,  Small and Medium Entities- January 1 2026

French VAT number

VAT number for intra-community transactions.

Every VAT ID must include a prefix based on the ISO 3166 alpha-2 code, which helps in identifying the respective EU Member State.

For businesses operating within the European Union, the intra-community VAT number serves as a distinctive identifier. Each country’s intra-community number has a specific format. In France, it’s made up of the “FR” code followed by 11 digits: a 2-digit computer key and a 9-digit SIREN number. The final two numbers act as a verification digit, for example, FR12345678901.

Additional Identifiers in France:

Both SIREN and SIRET numbers help in pinpointing corporations.

The SIREN number, an abbreviation for “System of Enterprise Register Identification”, is a distinct identification number for every enterprise. It aids in distinguishing each company when interacting with administrative bodies.


The SIRET number, short for “System of Establishment Directory Identification”, is used to uniquely identify each branch or unit within a corporation. Consequently, the total number of SIRET numbers a corporation has equals its total number of branches or units. The 14-digit number combines the 9-digit SIREN number and the 5-digit NIC (a unique classification number for each branch).

EORI numbers uniquely identify individuals.

The EORI number, standing for “Economic Operator Registration and Identification”, is a unique community identifier assisting economic entities when they engage with customs departments. The structure of the EORI number is based on the country where the business was founded. In France, it begins with “FR” followed by the SIRET code.



Last Updated: 26/10/2023



The information provided by Global VAT Compliance B.V. on this webpage is intended for general informational purposes only. Global VAT Compliance B.V. is not responsible for the accuracy of the information on these pages, and cannot be held liable for claims or losses deriving from the use of this information. If you wish to receive VAT related information please contact our experts at support@gvc.tax

Download below the full French VAT Guide in pdf

* By downloading the guide you agree to subscribe to GVC’s monthly VAT newsletter

Contact GVC for your French VAT Compliance


Get the latest VAT information directly in your inbox and stay up to date with all VAT developments around the world.

You have Successfully Subscribed!